do not shed and are hypoallergenic. People who have
allergies to dogs and cats can usually own a POODLE
without difficulty. Because POODLES have no body
dander, fur or odor, they are perfect gentlemen
and ladies in your home. Mild mannered, yet protective,
they are great family watchdogs, yet wonderful with
children. Poodles are among the most intelligent
dogs you can own. Originally from Germany, POODLES
were used as hunting dogs because of their sharp
minds and quick responses.
Poodles come in many different sizes and colors.
Only three sizes are recognized be the AKC.
Poodle - the largest of the three. Must
be over 15 inches at the highest point of the shoulders.
Miniature Poodle - is the mid-size. It must be under
15 inches or at the highest point of the shoulders,
with a minimum height in excess of 10 inches.
Poodle - is the smallest. It must
be 10 inches or under at the highest point of the
shoulders. Smaller than the Toy poodle are the Teacup
and Tiny Toy which are not separately classified
by AKC but listed as a Toy Poodle. A Toy Poodle
weight normally ranges between 6 and 8 pounds. The
Tiny Toy Poodles weight ranges between
4 and 6 pounds.
Teacup being the smallest. It
is very small, usually about 2 to 4 pounds, with
3 pounds being the average.
determine the size range of my babies I use my parents'
lineage and past experience with their previous
babies. The general rule I use is to take babies
weight at 12 weeks and double it. However I have
seen a puppy stop growing at 3 months and I have
seen them also just spring up like a weed.
is why knowing the lineage of the parents and their
ancestors is important. I have been breeding poodles
for over 30 years
American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizes three sizes of
poodle - Standard, Miniature, and Toy. All three sizes
are considered the same breed. The standards for all
three sizes are the same with the exception of height:
the poodle newbie, here's how to tell which category
your dog falls into:
Over 15 inches in height at the highest point of the
Over 10 inches and up to 15 inches at the highest point
of the shoulders.
10 inches or less at the highest point of the shoulders.
The accepted AKC Breed Standard is as follows:
General Appearance, Carriage and Condition
of a very active, intelligent and elegant-appearing
dog, squarely built, well proportioned, moving soundly
and carrying himself proudly. Properly clipped in the
traditional fashion and carefully groomed, the Poodle
has about him an air of distinction and dignity peculiar
The Standard Poodle is over 15 inches
at the highest point of the shoulders. Any Poodle which
is 15 inches or less in height shall be disqualified
from competition as a Standard Poodle.
The Miniature Poodle is 15 inches or
under at the highest point of the shoulders, with a
minimum height in excess of 10 inches. Any Poodle which
is over 15 inches or is 10 inches or less at the highest
point of the shoulders shall be disqualified from competition
as a Miniature Poodle.
The Toy Poodle is 10 inches or under
at the highest point of the shoulders. Any Poodle which
is more than 10 inches at the highest point of the shoulders
shall be disqualified from competition as a Toy Poodle.
As long as the Toy Poodle is definitely a Toy Poodle,
and the Miniature Poodle a Miniature Poodle, both in
balance and proportion for the Variety, diminutiveness
shall be the deciding factor when all other points are
Proportion: To insure the desirable squarely built appearance,
the length of body measured from the breastbone to the
point of the rump approximates the height from the highest
point of the shoulders to the ground.
Substance: Bone and muscle of both forelegs and hindlegs
are in proportion to size of dog.
Eyes-- very dark, oval in shape and set far enough apart
and positioned to create an alert intelligent expression.
Major fault: eyes round, protruding, large or very light.
(b) Ears-- hanging close to the head, set at or slightly
below eye level. The ear leather is long, wide and thickly
feathered; however, the ear fringe should not be of
(c) Skull-- moderately rounded, with a slight but definite
stop. Cheekbones and muscles flat. Length from occiput
to stop about the same as length of muzzle.
(d) Muzzle-- long, straight and fine, with slight chiseling
under the eyes. Strong without lippiness. The chin definite
enough to preclude snipiness. Major fault: lack of chin.
Teeth-- white, strong and with a scissors bite. Major
fault: undershot, overshot, wry mouth.
well proportioned, strong and long enough to permit
the head to be carried high and with dignity. Skin snug
at throat. The neck rises from strong, smoothly muscled
shoulders. Major fault: ewe neck. The topline is level,
neither sloping nor roached, from the highest point
of the shoulder blade to the base of the tail, with
the exception of a slight hollow just behind the shoulder.
(a) Chest deep and moderately wide with well sprung
(b) The loin is short, broad and muscular.
(c) Tail straight, set on high and carried up, docked
of sufficient length to insure a balanced outline. Major
fault: set low, curled, or carried over the back.
smoothly muscled shoulders. The shoulder blade is well
laid back and approximately the same length as the upper
foreleg. Major fault: steep shoulder.
(a)Forelegs straight and parallel when viewed from the
front. When viewed from the side the elbow is directly
below the highest point of the shoulder. The pasterns
are strong. Dewclaws may be removed.
feet are rather small, oval in shape with toes well
arched and cushioned on thick firm pads. Nails short
but not excessively shortened. The feet turn neither
in nor out. Major fault: paper or splay foot.
angulation of the hindquarters balances that of the
(a) Hind legs straight and parallel when viewed from
the rear. Muscular with width in the region of the stifles
which are well bent; femur and tibia are about equal
in length; hock to heel short and perpendicular to the
ground. When standing, the rear toes are only slightly
behind the point of the rump. Major fault: cow-hocks.
Quality--(1) Curly: of naturally harsh texture, dense
throughout. (2) Corded: hanging in tight even cords
of varying length; longer on mane or body coat, head,
and ears; shorter on puffs, bracelets, and pompons.
(b) Clip-- A Poodle under 12 months may be shown in
the "Puppy" clip. In all regular classes,
Poodles 12 months or over must be shown in the "English
Saddle" or "Continental" clip. In the
Stud Dog and Brood Bitch classes and in a non-competitive
Parade of Champions, Poodles may be shown in the "Sporting"
clip. A Poodle shown in any other type of clip shall
"Puppy"--A Poodle under a year old may be
shown in the "Puppy" clip with the coat long.
The face, throat, feet and base of the tail are shaved.
The entire shaven foot is visible. There is a pompon
on the end of the tail. In order to give a neat appearance
and a smooth unbroken line, shaping of the coat is permissible.
"English Saddle"--In the "English Saddle"
clip the face, throat, feet, forelegs and base of the
tail are shaved, leaving puffs on the forelegs and a
pompon on the end of the tail. The hindquarters are
covered with a short blanket of hair except for a curved
shaved area on each flank and two shaved bands on each
hindleg. The entire shaven foot and a portion of the
shaven leg above the puff are visible. The rest of the
body is left in full coat but may be shaped in order
to insure overall balance.
"Continental"--In the "Continental"
clip, the face, throat, feet, and base of the tail are
shaved. The hindquarters are shaved with pompons (optional)
on the hips. The legs are shaved, leaving bracelets
on the hindlegs and puffs on the forelegs. There is
a pompon on the end of the tail. The entire shaven foot
and a portion of the shaven foreleg above the puff are
visible. The rest of the body is left in full coat but
may be shaped in order to insure overall balance.
"Sporting"--In the "Sporting" clip,
a Poodle shall be shown with face, feet, throat, and
base of tail shaved, leaving a scissored cap on the
top of the head and a pompon on the end of the tail.
The rest of the body, and legs are clipped or scissored
to follow the outline of the dog leaving a short blanket
of coat no longer than one inch in length. The hair
on the legs may be slightly longer than that on the
In all clips the hair of the topknot may be left free
or held in place by elastic bands. The hair is only
of sufficient length to present a smooth outline. "Topknot"
refers only to hair on the skull, from stop to occiput.
This is the only area where elastic bands may be used.
coat is an even and solid color at the skin. In blues,
grays, silvers, browns, cafe-au-laits, apricots and
creams the coat may show varying shades of the same
color. This is frequently present in the somewhat darker
feathering of the ears and in the tipping of the ruff.
While clear colors are definitely preferred, such natural
variation in the shading of the coat is not to be considered
a fault. Brown and cafe-au-lait Poodles have liver-colored
noses, eye-rims and lips, dark toenails and dark amber
eyes. Black, blue, gray, silver, cream and white Poodles
have black noses, eye-rims and lips, black or self colored
toenails and very dark eyes. In the apricots while the
foregoing coloring is preferred, liver-colored noses,
eye-rims and lips, and amber eyes are permitted but
are not desirable. Major fault: color of nose, lips
and eye-rims incomplete, or of wrong color for color
Parti-colored dogs shall be disqualified. The coat of
a parti-colored dog is not an even solid color at the
skin but is of two or more colors.
and Phantom Poodles
in French means consisting of two or more colors, commonly
black and white. This can vary from a small amount of
white on a dark dog to a fairly even ratio of light
to dark. Parti's have irregular-shaped pattern of spots.
Phantom is a Poodle of any color with the tan point
pattern. This is the marking that appears in all of
the known tan marked breeds- such as Dobermans, Dachshunds,
and Yorkshire Terriers. There shall be a spot of a different
color- normally tan - in the following places:
On the sides of the muzzle and cheeks
On the undersides of the ears
On all feet and or legs
Under the tail
Generally on the chest
straightforward trot with light springy action and strong
hindquarters drive. Head and tail carried up. Sound
effortless movement is essential.
himself proudly, very active, intelligent, the Poodle
has about him an air of distinction and dignity peculiar
to himself. Major fault: shyness or sharpness.
distinct deviation from the desired characteristics
described in the Breed Standard.
A dog over or under the height limits specified shall
Clip-- A dog in any type of clip other than those listed
under coat shall be disqualified.
Parti-colors-- The coat of a parti-colored dog is not
an even solid color at the skin but of two or more colors.
Parti-colored dogs shall be disqualified.
appearance, temperament, carriage and condition...............................................30
Head, expression, ears, eyes and teeth.......20
Body, neck, legs, feet and tail...................20
Coat, color and texture............................10
courtesy of American Kennel Club. All rights reserved.
Approved August 14, 1984
Reformatted March 27, 1990